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ANSI Z308.1-1998
ANSI 107-1999...
Changes to ANSI Standard...
OSHA Releases Ergonomic...
Cal/OSHA Submits Proposed...

ANSI Z308.1-1998

ANSI's first aid standard has been fundamentally changed, from a design-based standard to a new performance-based standard. All products are now required to meet specific performance criteria. Kits in compliance will contain specific numbers of required items to treat major and minor wounds, minor burns and eye injuries.
Kits are now classified into three types:
Type I
Intended use: stationary, indoor settings, in a controlled environment
Potential for damage of kit contents: minimal
Requirements: minimum fill requirements; means for mounting in fixed position.
Typical applications: general indoor use, offices, manufacturing facilities
Type II
Intended use: portable, indoor settings, in a controlled environment
Potential for damage of kit contents: minimal
Requirements: minimum fill requirements; carrying handle; subjected to a drop test
Typical applications: general indoor use, offices, manufacturing
Type III
Intended use: portable use outdoors and in mobile industries
Potential for damage of kit contents: significant
Requirements: moisture-resistant, corrosion-resistant, carrying handle; minimum fill requirements; means for mounting in fixed position; subjected to conditioning and drop tests
Typical applications: general outdoor use, mobile industries
Fill Requirements:
Item Unit Minimum
Absorbent Compress 32 sq. in. (81.3 sq. cm) 1
Adhesive Bandages 1" x 3" (2.5 x 7.5 cm) 16
Adhesive Tape 5 yd. (457.2 cm) 1
Antiseptic 0.5 g (0.14 fl. oz) 10
Burn Treatment 0.5 g (0.14 fl. oz) 6
Medical Exam Gloves Pair 2
Sterile Pad 3" x 3" (7.5 x 7.5 cm) 4
Triangular Bandage 40" x 40" x 56" (101 x 101 x 142 cm) 1

New ANSI Z358.1-1998 Standard for Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment
The new ANSI eyewash standard, enacted April 16, 1998, seeks to provide uniform minimum requirements for equipment performance, use, installation, test procedures, maintenance and training. It covers eye/facewash equipment, emergency showers and hand-held drench hoses.
The main differences from its previous 1990 version are in two areas:
• Emergency showers and eyewash units shall be in accessible locations that require no more than 10 seconds to reach. The unit shall be located on the same level as the hazard, and the path of travel shall be free of obstructions that may inhibit the immediate use of the equipment. This replaces the previous measured distance requirement of 100 feet.
• Delivered flushing fluid should be tepid. Tepid is defined as "moderately warm; lukewarm." In circumstances where chemical reaction is accelerated by flushing fluid temperature, a medical advisor should be consulted for the optimum temperature for each application. This replaces the previous temperature requirement of 60 - 95 degrees Fahrenheit.
In the interest of worker safety, it is important to recognize that emergency eyewash, shower, drench hoses and combination units are not a substitute for proper primary protective devices. Workers should also wear eye and face protection and protective clothing. Appropriate medical authorities should also be consulted for first aid recommendations.
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